Notes

1. “Leoni: a Legend of Italy.”  The heroine, Giulietta, is the daughter of the lord of Castel Alto, and is said to be the fairest maiden of Italy.  Her brother, Garcio, both hates and fears the bandit, Leoni, who in a previous battle mysteriously spared his life.  Giulietta loves a young minstrel named Franceso who is revealed as Leoni.  Garcio, on being informed that his sister is fleeing with Leoni, pursues them.  Giulietta is fatally shot when she shields Leoni.  Garcio is slain by Leoni who for years after paces the place “with the unequal step, and gestures of a maniac.”   Published in
Friendship’s Offering in 1837, p. 217.

2. “The Last Smile.”  A youth remembers how she sat beside him last night with lip and eye smiling, so full of soul, life, and light, and realizes that this memory will be all he has tomorrow after she is gone (Ruskin, CW 18).  Published in
Friendship’s Offering of 1837, p. 102.

3. “Remembrance.”  A youth reflects that even in a crowd, he is alone when not with her.  He has one thought and that is of her.  His remembrance of her is dear to him, sweet and most sad though it is, for it is all that remains to him (Ruskin, CW 20).  Published in
Friendship’s Offering of 1838, p.119.

4. “To Adele.”  A youth wakes from dreams of his beloved to a slow and heavy bell.  He thinks of her with whom their linked chain of days and years can never press forgetfulness. “When for all else the shroud is spread he knows he will, as it passes, behold her with joy, and then with immortality” (Ruskin, CW 91). Published in
Friendship’s Offering of 1840, p. 244.

5. “Agonia.”  A youth is desolate and his hope is overthrown when his heart must bear its love alone.  His words are wild in vain for she cannot hear.  His heart cannot cease to love her.  “To remember is to sin, and to forget is to die” (Ruskin, CW 180).  Published in
Friendship’s Offering of 1841, p. 288.

6.  “Farewell.”  A youth disappointed in love has strange visible thoughts of drifting in a helmless boat on a silent midnight stream.  He drifts impotently through a dark forest, a silent city, and through far-opening meadows where star-flowers sparkled among the shadows.  He sees his beloved on a white rock above the mighty stream, but she does not respond to his call and he is swept on down the stream of life. “Farewell!” (Ruskin, CW 168).  Published in
Friendship’s Offering of 1841, p. 168.

7.  “The Broken Chain.”  Within an old convent, a lovely lady lies dying.  The abbess knelt beside her to bless her and watches her life depart.  A solitary unidentified knight kneels before the convent cross and bows his helmless head.  We flashback to their two forms, one crested, calm, and proud; yet with his bowed head and gentle ear inclining to her who moves as in a sable cloud of her own waving hair.  They are followed by a form both strange and dark that first warns the knight, and then kills him the next day as the seventh challenger at a tournament.  The lovely lady subsequently poisons the dark knight before she retires to the convent.  A repeated refrain pleas that “the faith thou hast forgotten may bind thee with its broken chain” (Ruskin, CW 103).  Published in
Friendship’s Offering of 1840, 1841, 1842 and 1843.

8. “The Sythian Grave.”  A poem about the Sythian custom to surround a dead king’s tomb with fifty armed corpses, cupbearers, grooms, coachmen, and cooks to accompany him in the other world (Ruskin, CW 35).  Published in F
riendship’s Offering of 1838, p. 116.

9. “The Sythian Banquet Song.”  This is a poem about the Sythian custom of making a drinking-cup from the skull of their slain enemy, and wreathing it with flowers at feasts.  Ruskin calls it doggerel in imitation of the “Giaour” (Ruskin, CW 47).  Published in
Friendship’s Offering of 1839, p. 25.

10. “The Sythian Guest.”  A poem about the Sythian custom practiced when the head of the house dies.  He was dressed in his finest dress, and set in his chariot, and carried about to his friends’ houses; and each of them placed him at the table’s head, and all feasted in his presence (Ruskin, CW 84).  Published in
Friendship’s Offering of 1840, p.52.

11.“The Recreant.”  All Athenians were killed in an attack except one man who returned home to tell the tale to a group of Athenian women, each of whom, inquiring where he had left her husband, stabbed him with the clasp of her robe, until he died (Ruskin, CW 59).  Published in the
Amaranth of 1839, p.56